On Thursday, when hawkish comments from Federal Reserve officials reminded investors that the job market in the United States is still tight, the dollar increased and equities markets declined.
The pound fell as Britain attempted to put its catastrophic recent fiscal experiment behind it with a more austere-looking budget. A persistent recession and concerns about rising interest rates also shook European markets.
As initial enthusiasm about Siemens’ earnings faded and concerns developed that the European Central Bank would soon delay rate hikes, markets in Europe plummeted. More claims that rates are not high enough to calm inflation-pressurized stocks from Fed officials.
Subadra Rajappa, head of U.S. rates strategy at Societe Generale in New York, stated that “the narrative has swiftly turned to potentially a more modest route to inflation next year and what would happen if there is a major slowdown in GDP and a recession.”
According to James Bullard, president of the St. Louis Fed, rate increases to date “have had only limited effects on observed inflation,” and the Fed should continue raising rates by at least another full percentage point.
At an economic seminar in Louisville, Kentucky, Bullard stated that tougher assumptions would suggest rates beyond 7% and even “dovish” assumptions would call for rates to climb to at least near 5%.
The Fed’s top terminal rate was expected by the market to be at or slightly above 5% in May and June. However, the market is factoring in a terminal rate that drops to 4.555% by the end of 2023 on the assumption that growth will decelerate due to inflation.
Rate increases should continue until it is obvious that inflation has peaked, according to Minneapolis Fed President Neel Kashkari.
Global stock market index MSCI fell 0.65%, while the pan-European STOXX 600 index down 0.42% but gained 3.9% for the month thanks to better-than-expected earnings despite concerns about a euro zone recession.
Fears that the Fed will overtighten led to a decline in the Dow Jones Industrial Average of 0.02%, the S&P 500 of 0.31%, and the Nasdaq Composite of 0.35% on Wall Street.
According to American data, fewer people applied for unemployment benefits last week, a sign that the work market is still tight.
The dollar, which fell 3.7% last week, was made stronger by expectations of higher rates.
The yen declined against the dollar by 0.45% to 140.19, and the euro dropped 0.26% to $1.0365.
The day after the new British government unveiled a new budget proposal that included tax increases and spending cuts totaling 55 billion pounds ($64.93 billion), the value of the pound fell 0.35 percent to $1.1866.
According to Joe LaVorgna, chief U.S. economist at SMBC Nikko Securities in New York, worries over the economy’s future exacerbated the inverted yield curve, which suggests investors are preparing for a recession while simultaneously anticipating lower rates on longer-dated securities.
Because economic growth will slow down and drag pricing power down with it, the market appears to be telling us that inflation will be much lower in the future.
Since peaking at 4.338% a month ago, the yield on benchmark 10-year Treasuries has decreased by more than 50 basis points. The two-year yield has stayed much higher. As the yield on 10-year notes increased 7.9 basis points to 3.773%, the disparity between the yields on two- and 10-year Treasury notes, which is sometimes regarded as a sign of an impending recession, widened to -68.9 basis points.
According to LaVorgna, “the slope of the yield curve is telling us the Fed is going to make a policy pivot.”
As COVID-19 cases in China grew in number and the prospect of an increase in U.S. interest rates weighed on demand, oil prices plummeted more than 3%.
The price of U.S. oil futures dropped $3.95 to $81.64 a barrel. Brent decreased $3.08 to close at $89.78.
U.S. gold futures ended the day at $1,763 per ounce, down 0.7%.
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